JUSTICE

SINCE ANCIENT SINCE ANCIENT times, a blindfolded woman with a balance in one hand and a sword on the other has been used to symbolize justice. The use of a woman, rather than a man, for this figure is evidence that mercy is found in this concept of justice, inspired by a women’s heart rather than a man’s.
Social justice is a multidimensional concept which encompasses all fields of life. Suffering, inequality, marginalization, deprivation, and injustice are all part of the human experience. Nature has not been able to reduce or exclude them, and they have accompanied the tragedies that women face throughout history.

Women in Rojava have proved their ability to develop and introduce laws to restore what was stolen from them, by means of the Women’s Justice Committees, women’s houses, committees to solve problems that women face, and women’s representatives in the mixed court of justice and other institutions concerned with the activities of justice. In order to strengthen and defend women’s roles in their families and communities, laws affecting women’s issues have been issued. They have doubled their efforts to remove all the restrictions that women once faced, such as oppression, enslavement, and the dominant male mentality.
"Women themselves are the only ones capable of feeling what women suffer from. Therefore, they have organized to defend themselves and solve their problems through several legal mechanisms."

WOMEN’S HOUSES

Women’s houses are civic and social institutions that work to raise awareness of women and family issues and to solve the social and human rights problems that women face. These houses work to spread awareness of social justice and to combat all inhuman practices against women.
The first women’s house opened in Qamishli in March of 2011. It was operated by a group of women who, at the time, were referred to as the “suicide group.” These women were ready to face challenges, threats, and arrest in order to achieve social justice.
At first, few women turned to the women’s house to solve their problems, because of the fear and mistrust that had been planted in them as a result of traditional societal sexism, and because they didn’t believe that the women’s house could address the challenges they faced. However, over time, the women’s house gained a positive reputation. The house addressed problems through social reconciliation and mediation. Women were increasingly attracted to the women’s house, and gained an institution that, before, would have been unimaginable— a place that defended their rights and worked on their concerns.
The number of women’s houses increased in all regions until 2013. Today, there are 19 women’s houses in Jazira province alone. The houses are managed by women who run administrative work, archives, problem-solving committees, training programs, and information committees, all working in coordination with the main women’s center in Qamishli.
The first conference of women’s houses was held on 11/11/2016 , under the slogan “Justice is a sacred social value.” 135 representatives from women’s houses across Jazira, Afrin, Kobani, Damascus, and Manbij attended the conference. Women’s houses have resolved many important social issues, including marital and family disputes. Problems that cannot be solved by women’s houses are transferred to the courts. When the women’s law was issued in 2014, the women’s houses were the first to implement it. After the liberation of Hol, Tabqa, Raqqa, and other predominantly Arab areas in 2017, women’s houses were opened in each area. This spread the concept to all the communities of Northern Syria.

THE WOMEN’S PROBLEM-SOLVING COMMITTEE

These committees were established in all areas at all administrative levels, starting from the commune level— which is the basic administrative unit under the self-management system.
The committees worked to solve social and judicial problems in their communities and coordinated with women’s houses to resolve women’s issues. Women have proved their role in their problem-solving committees since the beginning of the Rojava Revolution. The problem-solving committees have been set up across the region, with 92 of such councils existing in Jazira alone. The committes have trained the people they serve on their functions and their relationship to the court system. Their role in villages, cities, and provinces across Rojava has continued to grow.

THE WOMEN’S COUNCIL FOR SOCIAL JUSTICE

The Women’s Council for Social Justice was established to empower women and to solve women’s issues through self-organization. The council oversees all judicial and social institutions, and supervises all of the women’s judicial institutions in Rojava.
Women today have organized themselves independently and effectively in the social justice system. They have been educated about the principles of a democratic and ecological society, women’s freedom, and shared life. Women have a 50% stake in the social justice system, and contribute to the preparation of democratic bills related to women, children and family issues.

THE GOALS AND PRINCIPLES OF THE WOMEN’S COUNCIL FOR SOCIAL JUSTICE

Women in Rojava have struggled to develop a system of social justice and create a moral political society. They reject the principles of traditional society and the traditional international system, by taking the principles and values of their own political community as a basis for their struggle and their search for truth. Defending both individual and community rights is a humanitarian task for women. Women in the councils struggle against all forms of traditional patriarchal violence against women, such as honor crimes.

THE CONFERENCE OF WOMEN'S COUNCILS FOR SOCIAL JUSTICE

This annual conference was first held in 2015. Women involved in the social justice system from all parts of Rojava attended; they discussed all develop- ments in the council according to the relevant social conditions.