ABOUT

The main objective of women’s work in our administration is the establishment of free, democratic, ecological municipalities that are based on women’s freedom. Women began to work in the municipalities to bring their unique perspective and aesthetics to municipal work. They managed to prove their broad abilities and importance through active participation in all aspects of the peoples’ municipalities.

During the Syrian revolution, Kurdish women became active participants in all kinds of revolutionary activity. After that, they played a key role building the self-administration in Jazira, Afrin, Kobani, Gire Spi, Tabqa and Manbij. Kongreya Star was able to form alliances with other women’s organizations, affect public opinion related to women’s issues, and empower women politically through the realization of the system of co-administration at all levels and fields of organization of the society. This means that in every position of administration and coordination there are one man and one woman equals working together. They have ensured that 50% of any legislative body would be made up of women, and ensured the recognition of women’s civil rights and equal status in society.
This struggle was difficult, and continues today. The organization seeks to eliminate all forms of inequality in society, rejects family relationships based on ownership and control, and fights child marriage. Kongreya Star has worked to unify the front of women’s struggle in Northern Syria. It has also participated in Syrian women’s initiatives and gatherings, in order to find a political solution for the Syrian revolution and work on peacemaking. All women who organize within the Democratic Society Movement (TEVDEM) and the local self- administration are members of Kongreya Star. They represent themselves with their own peculiarities in various institutions, including councils, communes, cultural and artistic institutions, martyrs’ families’ organizations, workers’ committees, and service institutions.

Because of this work, women were present in all diplomatic fields, working for an end to the Syrian crisis and solutions to the problems that caused it. Women from Northern Syria have been able to participate in many diplomatic forums and establish relations with many countries in the world. They are also members of international women’s organizations, such as world women’s march, the Peacemakers Congress, the Women’s Consultative Council of the United States and the office of the UN Special Envoy for Syria.

THE CONGRESS OF KONGRA STAR

The Congress of Kongreya Star is held every two years. It convenes all of the organizations and groups that make up Kongreya Star, evaluates their work and makes resolutions for the future. The most important decision, which has been adopted by all Congresses, is the need to struggle for freedom of the leader Abdullah Ocalan.

PAST CONGRESSES:

1.
The First Congress was held on January 15th, 2005. Only a few women attended, and the conference was largely kept secret. They announced the formation of Yeketiya Star, which would address problems that women of all backgrounds faced in all areas of life. In response to Ba’ath regime policies, which had oppressed women across Syria, these women began to reach out to women’s social, political, and cultural groups.
2.
The Second Congress was held between July 9th and 10th, 2007. This time 61 women attended. The Congress made plans to expand the organization and involve more women, but the Ba’ath regime carried out a campaign to arrest these women activists. This terror, however, did not break the will of the women of Yekitiya Star to succeed.
3.
The Third Congress was held on June 12th, 2009, with 81 women participating, under the slogan “we are not anyone’s honor, our honor is our freedom.” This slogan was chosen to call attention to the number of women and girls killed in the name of family honor. The Congress worked to raise awareness of and build a plan to stop the spread of prostitution and drugs, as well as combatting other social issues that harmed women.
4.
Under the slogan “To increase the pace of the women’s liberation struggle and build democratic self-administration.” The Fourth Congress of Yeketiya Star was held between July 29th-July 30th, 2011, in Afrin. 100 women, representing all women’s organizations and institutions in western Kurdistan and Syria, attended the Congress. They worked to bring attention to the current situation in Western Kurdistan and Syria and the opportunities and challenges that came from it. The need for a radical democratic change in Syria, which could be achieved through a democratic solution to the Kurdish issue, was discussed. The conference also discussed the self-administration model, and the strict human rights and constitutional conditions that Syrian women faced under the current Syrian government. The current system of education and training in society was discussed, as well as the need for economic projects and the need to involve young people in various political work. The Congress eventually decided to build a self- administration, assemblies and communes; and elected a 31-member body that would become Rojava’s coordination.
5.
The Fifth Congress was held in April 2013, under the slogan “So that women will not remain outside of the organization.” 251 women from the region’s assemblies, institutions and organizations attended. Decisions were made related to how assemblies organized on the levels of regions, represented by their affiliated committees.
6.
The Sixth Congress was held between February 25th and 26th, 2016, under the slogan “To build a democratic nation in women’s colour.” 251 women attended. The Congress discussed the process of rebuilding from communes. At this time, Yeketiya Star changed its name to Kongreya Star.

YEKITIYA STAR

The women’s movement in Rojava, originally called Yekitiya Star (Star Union), was founded in 2005 to organize women and raise their political consciousness. There existed a long tradition of organizing of women which formed the basis to found Yeketiya Star. The union operated in secret, with women in towns and villages across the northern areas of Syria coming together to organize themselves as a women’s organization for the first time. On the basis of democratic struggle, it was a great development in the history of the Kurdish women’s movement.
The Star Union fought to consolidate democracy in the face of violence and human rights abuses that harmed women in Syria. It worked to develop democratic activities, expose the arbitrary methods used to oppress women, and organize women in different civil society organizations. They worked to raise awareness of women’s issues through media and in all other areas of society, hosted events to raise women’s awareness of their political and social conditions, and strengthened organizational structures to show the strength of organized women’s willpower. Through their work, they challenged the dominant male mentality in society.

Under the Ba’ath Regime, Yekitiya Star’s work was difficult and dangerous. Activists were targeted by Ba’ath Regime, arrested, and even tortured. The fate of some women activists is still unknown. However, this oppression did not stop the women of Rojava from struggling for freedom. On the contrary, it formed a solid foundation for the breakthrough in women’s’ struggle in the beginning of the revolution.

When the democratic revolution in Rojava began on the nineteenth of July 2012, the women’s movement played an active role and fought to ensure that the revolution that freed Rojava would free women as well. Yekitiya Star was able to work in the society, becoming one of the most important and essential political movements in the region. Since then, the organization has grown to include women of all ethnicities and religions. In 2016, the Star Union changed its name to Kongreya Star, becoming an umbrella for all organizations and institutions that had agreed to work within its charter.